2016 changes coming to Airspace near London & Hampshire
The Future Airspace Strategy has announced the start of changes to modernise UK airspace by 2020, starting with the London area (and Solent). See the LAMP announcement (LAMP being London Airspace Management Programme, not to be confused with light the aircraft maintenance programme)
‘Listening Squawks’ (Monitoring Codes) – New Graphic
Listening Squawks are expected to be on CAA VFR charts from 2016. In the meantime, here is a late 2015 version Graphic PDF for UK ‘Listening Squawks’ to print, cut and keep on your kneeboard – courtesy Flyer Magazine. Instructions on Listening Squawk use are on page 2. The current list of listening squawks around the UK is (always with Mode C/ALT when you have it):
3660 Warton Approach, 129.525 MHz – (do NOT use until 23rd July 2015)
4572 East Midlands Approach 134.175 MHz
4572 Farnborough Radar (West) 125.250 MHz
5077 Bristol 125.650 MHz – new in 2015
6170 Doncaster Approach 126.225 MHz
7045 Aldergrove Approach 128.5 MHz
7366 Manchester 118.575 MHz
(Yes, 4572 is used for two different units.) The Scottish ones ask that they are used within 20 miles of the unit. Remember usual rules apply, you are not in receipt of a service and you must stay in Class G airspace, you cannot enter the CTA or CTR. Go back to another suitable squawk (eg: 7000-C) when you move away from the area or stop monitoring.
Prosecution for London Heathrow CTR infringement
In case you were wondering, not many infringements lead to an actual court case, most end up with an agreed solution, such as a little retraining. However it does happen… CAA prosecution of infringement
SERA update (Standardised European Rules of the Air)
The UK CAA continues to work on certain UK differences from SERA with the DfT, EU, and Easa. More info, especially current exemptions can be found in the ORS4 index, www.caa.co.uk/ors4 – just search for “Standardised” in the title list. These include the VMC within Class D and E airspace below 3000 feet amsl, exceptions to the minimum height requirements and landing or taking off near open air assemblies. In addition, the UK’s exemption from certain aspects of SERA’s Special VFR requirements has been extended until June 2016.
UK VORs – Replacement/Withdrawal Programme
The current VORs in the UK infrastructure is under review, no longer in use by airlines except for emergency fall-back procedures. The current 46 VORs may be progressively reduced to 19 (newly equipped) VORs over the next few years as each comes up for renewal, all existing ones having already exceeded their operational lives. This strategy was presented to the aviation organisations in 2008 via NATMAC and accepted. Any DMEs associated with VORs will remain, and the current positions of any removed VORs will be marked with waypoints or IFR reporting points to aid GNSS training and navigation.
The Autumn/Winter Clued Up Magazine, available online here, contains good advice on Human Factors and avoiding Controlled Flight into Terrain, and also the details of the VOR Replacement Programme (page 26).
Targets Set for Reduction In Infringements at Key Hotspots
Teams from local pilots, air traffic controllers, and the CAA have been set up in an attempt to reduce infringements numbers and risk around known hotspots at Birmingham, Gatwick, Heathrow, Luton, Southampton, and Stansted. Targets have been set for reductions in 2015, with the possibility of “Surveillance Mandatory Zones” in the vicinity of high risk areas of Class D airspace should improvements in the infringement situation not be achieved. To read the official announcement, Click Here
Future “Restrictions of Flying” AICs (known as of early June ’15)
Click here on ROF2015-june to see the future restriction of flying (MAUVE) AICs for 2015 as known early June 2015. Obviously more may occur, and the second page gives ‘expected soon’ others may be notified by AIC and/or NOTAM, and also on the day via the restriction and airspace upgrade freephone 0500-354802.
Bristol (update), plus Glasgow, Norwich, Liverpool, Doncaster: *NEW* Pictorial Guides
There are new easy read pictorial airspace guides for pilots in the vicinity of Glasgow, Norwich, Liverpool or Doncaster, and now an update for Bristol, giving good advice for pilots in those areas outside the controlled airspace, as well as suggested routings for any requested VFR crossings. (The guides already on the links page of this site should they disappear from ‘Hot News’). The Norwich link takes you to their pdf, Liverpool and Doncaster links launch a web page summary with pictures, and offer a pdf print to take with you. Click here for Glasgow, Click here for Norwich, Click Here for Liverpool,Click here for Doncaster, Click here for Bristol (2015 edition)
SERA – Standardised European Rules of the Air – Summary
A two page summary of the Standardised Rules of the Air ‘SERA’ changes is available here on FlyOnTrack – it’s easy to read, and covers visibility changes, quadrantal rules becoming semicircular and exemptions and more: See SERA
Low Level Common VHF Frequency in Scotland
Remote Scotland is trialing a Low Level Common VHF Frequency to compliment “See and Avoid” with “Hear and Avoid”. The CAA has given approval for all aviators to extend the use of SafetyCom’s VHF frequency 135.475 to 2,000′ AGL and below anywhere in uncontrolled airspace north of 56*N (Helensburgh to Falkirk). An AIC will be published reflecting this information in due course, in the meantime, click here: Scotland135475Trial for a pdf information poster which could be put on club noticeboards
Southend: Controlled Airspace started 2nd Apr ’15
Pilots with last year’s quarter mil chart for the Southend area (number 8), your new edition comes out late April, so for details of the new controlled airspace, see the appendices to this CAA decision letter
Pilots planning and maintaining cockpit equipment need to be aware that:
A requirement for an 8.33 MHz spacing radio is coming – see this article by the LAA
A project to reduce the number of VORs in the UK down to 19 has already started but will progress over the next few years. Cranfield was the first VOR to be removed under this programme, more are being assessed, information will be announced here.
Clued Up Magazine now online
The CAA’s Clued Up magazine, including article on preflight planning, licensing advice and many safety topics for the private pilot are available online, but they are large downloads if that matters to you – for the list of those available, click on ‘Clued Up’ here on the ASI downloads page
2014 Farnbrough LARS Guide (incl. Stansted TMZ advice)
Farnborough have a new LARS guide for 2014, well worth reading – remember that their LARS a massive area all round London, North beyond Duxford, almost to Lashenden in the East, Beachy Head in the South, and nearly to Membury in the West. It also covers advice for the Stansted TMZ. It will be on the links page when it drops from Hot News. See 2014 LARS from Farnbrough Guide – Remember if passing through the Farnborough West region (See guide), Farnborough West’s trial with a monitoring code or ‘listening squawk’ (4572 / 125.250 MHz) was successful, and the arrangement is now permanent.
Farnborough occasionally has short period (usually one hour duration) of temporary controlled airspace (CAS(T)) announced by NOTAM and on the restrictions/upgrades freephone number 0500-354802. CTR dimensions, shape, and the airway route and base levels changed fairly dramatically in 2011 – see AIC Yellow 99 of 2011 – they were Class A, they are now Class D, so VFR clearances can be negotiated with the controller. Here’s a link to the AIC ‘home page’, choose yellow AICs, then number 99 of 2011 (no permanent direct link exists)
Infringements Can Be Costly
It’s very rare that a prosecution for an infringement is reported in the press, but here is a link to an infringement of the Stansted Class D, TMZ, and Luton Class D. This fortunately did not result in a collision, but still attracted a large fine due to the risk and disruption. The learning point is simple – pilots are encouraged to call D&D on 121.5 MHz (or tell the ATC service provider they are using, if any), as soon as they safely can if they are ‘temporarily unsure of position’ in an area of a route known to have Controlled Airspace, TMZs, Danger Areas, etc. nearby. Why prolong the worry and stress for yourself when someone is paid to help locate you.
The CAA list of successful prosecutions 2012 is now published here confirming that very few infringements reach court, the authorities are very open to agreeing solutions (eg: some Nav retraining) before it reaches that stage, if the case merits it.
VFR Chart Frequency Card now as a download
Frequency Reference Cards are available to pilots exclusively as a digital downloadhere. The downloadable cards have replaced the traditional hard copy versions which came with aircharts.
Analysis of Pilot Surveys Following Infringements
Why do pilots infringe? A lot of work has been going on with analysis of data provided by pilots who have infringed NATS controlled airspace over the past couple of years. The first public release of the analysis is now available on Analysis of Pilots Surveys Release 1. (Also available on the ‘Statistics’ tag of this site.)
More Local Initiatives (and an Award)
City Airport (Barton) and Mainair Flying School have been awarded a NATS Infringement Prevention Award – they are situated very close to Manchester airspace and the Low Level Route. One of the things they have done, relevant to anyone flying anywhere near Controlled Airspace is a video about a not-uncommon event – following the wrong line feature. See Barton Infringement Award and Video Tayside Aviation Following the local poster initiative from Sleap, Tayside Aviation have produced softcloth ipad/GPS screen wipes for their pilots which detail local airspace on one side and tips from FlyOnTrack on the other. See Screenwipes from Tayside Aviation
Please let us know any similar initiatives
New Stansted TMZ ‘info sheet’ plus Farnborough LARS Map
Since 2009, Stansted has had a TMZ (Transponder Mandatory Zone) in the Class G airspace under the stubs of the CTA. A new info sheet has been produced for flying in the Stansted Transponder Mandatory Zone – see Transponder Mandatory Zone for Stansted
These will remain available on the LINKS page after the news item is removed.
Video Clip Help for Flying Under the LTMA
Video Clip help from NATS for visual flying around London, plus the pictorial airspace guides around the UK. There’s a new resource from NATS for anyone flying visually in the London area (link updated 18/1/2013): vfr.airspacesafety.com
Just pick the leg or legs encircling London and up between Stansted and Luton which interest you, and you get a short video brief and see the flight itself and specific landmarks on the way. So if you were thinking of flying (say) Oxfordshire to Kent, you could link legs from Thame through to Sevenoaks via Henley and Guildford. Also, you can click on specific airspace areas around the UK and view picture pdf guides written by local controllers who are usually pilots themselves. And don’t forget the NATS endorsement of an airspace warning device – moving map CAA chart, free airspace data downloads, warnings of airspace, and ‘locator’ information, all for around £150. See www.airspaceaware.com/